Digital Sound & Music: Concepts, Applications, & Science, Chapter 3, last updated 6/25/2013
Figure 3.13 Placing notes above or below the treble clef staff
Figure 3.14 Placing notes above or below the bass clef staff
Beginners who are learning to read music often use mnemonics to
remember the notes corresponding to lines and spaces on a staff. For example,
the lines on the treble clef staff, in ascending order, correspond to the notes E,
G, B, D, and F, which can be memorized with the mnemonic “every good boy
does fine.” The spaces on the treble clef staff, in ascending order, spell the
word FACE. On the bass clef, the notes G, B, D, F, and A can be remembered
as “good boys deserve favor always,” and the spaces A, C, E, G can be
remembered as “a cow eats grass” (or whatever mnemonics you like). Notes and their Duration
There are types of notes whole notes, half notes, quarter notes, and so forth, as shown in Table
3.3. On the score, you can tell what type a note is by its shape and color (black or white) on the
score. The durations of notes are defined relative to each other, as you can see in the table. We
could continue to create smaller and smaller notes, beyond those listed in the table, by adding
more flags to a note. The part of the note called the flag is shown in Figure 3.15. Each time we
add a flag, we divide the duration of the previously defined note by 2.
Note Name Duration
thirty-second note
sixteenth note
Max Demo:
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