Introductory 5
south they brought no markets to the farmers of the central and
western portions of the State.
This lack of facilities for transportation and travel and the
consequent lack of communication between the east and the west
tended to keep alive the strong enmity between these sections which
they had inherited from colonial days. The inequalities in
representation in the General Assembly, in which the western
counties were at a disadvantage and which was one of the causes of
the Regulator troubles, were in a measure continued in the State
Constitution of 1776. These inequalities were corrected only after a
bitter struggle, extending through many years, by the Constitutional
Convention of 1835. Even to this day, while all enmity has died out,
in many political councils the sectional division of our State into
East and West is
recognized.3
The changes in the Constitution proposed by the Convention of
1835, and adopted by the people, based representation in the
General Assembly on population, abolished pocket boroughs, and
transferred the election of governor from the Legislature to the
people.
It is of interest to note that along with the extension of democratic
ideals in government in the first third of last century there was a
corresponding extension in the demand for education, which in the
decade from 1830 to 1840 resulted not only in our first public
schools, but, as we shall see, in founding our denominational
colleges.
The educational condition of North Carolina in 1830 was bad.
There were then no public schools in the State. The need for
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3
“Stubbornly, and too often with undue arrogance, the East resisted every
appeal to its patriotism and magnamity.... The Western Convention met in Raleigh
in 1823. . Many wise and needed changes in the organic law were suggested. A
calmly vehement spirit was aroused among those who constituted a large majority
of the people of the State, and threats were made to proceed to such extremities as
were witnessed in the Dorr troubles in Rhode Island in 1842.... The popular vote
of Hertford County did not at that time reach six hundred, yet Orange, with
twenty-five hundred votes had no more weight in the Legislature. The injustice of
this system could not be explained to men who had imbibed sectional feeling
against the West." School History of North Carolina, 1879, p. 177 f.
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