The Institute Becomes a College 173
The charter thus amended went through both the Senate and the
House of Commons without opposition, except that Senator Josiah
Houlder of Johnston County proposed to limit the tax-exempt land of
the College to 500 acres, while Senator John C. Taylor of Granville
offered an amendment to put no limit on the value of property the
College might own.4 Both amendments failed, and the bill in its
original form passed both Senate and House of Commons
unanimously, and was ratified on December 28, 1838.5 The
opposition which had made the grants of the original charter so
meagre and niggardly did not raise its head. No Aye and No vote was
demanded. This was a tremendous advance within five years. The joy
of the friends of the College was great while a committee of the
Trustees declared, "With a unanimity and liberality which do honor to
the existing Legislature, the amendments asked for have been
cheerfully granted, and the Institution has thereby been placed on a
new and advantageous footing."6
It may be noticed here that Wake Forest may justly claim to be the
oldest college, except the University, in the State; for although
Davidson was chartered as a college the same day the vote for the
Wake Forest charter preceded, and Wake Forest had already been
doing college work for several years and had a class to graduate in the
following June.
of said College any intoxicating liquors at or within one mile of said College, shall
forfeit and pay the sum of one hundred dollars to be recovered in any court of the
state of record having cognizance of the same, one-half to the use of the informer,
and the other to the College, and any person or persons offending herein, shall be
guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction in the County or Superior Court of
Wake, shall be fined at the discretion of the Court.
VII. And be it further enacted, That this Act shall be in force from and after the
ratification thereof.
(Ratified 28th December, 1838)
4 In the Davidson College charter, which was before the Legislature at the same
time, the real estate holdings were fixed at 500 acres. Probably Mr. Houlder thought
holdings of the two institutions should be the same. On the same day an Act was
passed incorporating the "Trustees of Greensborough Female College." The value of
property allowed each of the three schools was the same, $200,000. Acts of the
Legislature, 1838-39, p. 100 f.
5 Journal of the Legislature, 1838-39.
6 Circular" in Biblical Recorder, January 5, 1839.
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