The Institute Becomes a College 177
son, 10 each; Gates, 9; Rockingham, 8; Davie, 7; Northampton, 7;
Tyrrell, 6; Greene, Beaufort and Washington, 5 each ; Wilkes and
Edgecombe, 4 each ; Alexander, Moore, Randolph, Iredell, Surry, 3
each; Davidson, Stokes, Yadkin and Henderson, 2 each; Bladen,
Brunswick, Buncombe, Caldwell, Cleveland, Forsyth, Guilford,
Harnett, Macon, Mecklenburg, Onslow and Union, 1 each; South
Carolina, 65; Virginia, 42; Alabama, 9 ; Mississippi, 9 ; Tennessee, 6;
Florida, 3; Kentucky, 2; New Hampshire, New Jersey, Massachusetts,
Illinois, Texas, England, China, 1 each; uncertain, 15 to 18.
The facts shown in this tabulation may cause some surprises. Some
counties in the eastern section, like Hyde, Jones, Currituck, and Pitt,
had relatively a much larger representation at Wake Forest before the
War than they have today. It is easy to find reasons for the small
attendance from the western counties. In some of them like Guilford
there was not a Baptist in 1838, if we are to believe a writer in the
Biblical Recorder; in other counties the people were small farmers,
who made very little that they could turn into cash with the poor
transportation facilities of that day; they were remote from Wake
Forest and there were no railroads or other means of rapid travel;
there were very few schools to prepare students for college, though
late in this period the influence of the United Baptist Institute at
Taylorsville began to be felt, and it had begun to send students to
Wake Forest.
While the western Associations were till 1860 largely uncultivated,
there were many in the eastern section who were certain that they
were competent to tell the Trustees how to improve the management
of the College. Having talked the manual labor department to death,
as the chief cause of all the ills of the institution, especially of the
decreasing number of students, they were ready with other complaints
and suggestions. Some were saying that as a denominational college
Wake Forest should undertake to educate only ministerial students
and confine its instruction to theological subjects. Others were loud in
their cries of disappointment that Wake Forest had not been made
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