Contributions-Wait Agent 227
number to be 37,854. Of these 7,174 were what are now called
Primitive Baptists, and 2,072 Free Will Baptist, while the Missionary
Baptists numbered 28,607. These were gathered into 400 churches
which had formed 21 Associations. Of the Associations the largest
and most progressive was the Chowan with 5,803 members, followed
by the Cape Fear with 4,706, the Raleigh with 2,710, the Flat River
with 1,997, the Tar River with 1,864, the Sandy Creek with 1,464, the
Goshen with 1,276, the Pee Dee with 976, with the remainder in the
other Associations whose churches had memberships numbering from
880 to 160. Of these members in such eastern Associations as the
Chowan, not fewer than one-third were colored,3 while the number of
colored members dwindled to almost nothing in the midland and
mountain Associations.
We shall understand the problem of raising money for College
better if we keep in mind the condition of the State at that time. In
1840 the census showed a population of 753,419, almost exactly one-
fourth of the present number. Until 1860, 98 per cent of the people
were classed as agricultural. There were no large towns, the census of
1850 showing only nine with a population of as many as 1,000. Of
these the largest was Wilmington, with 7,264 followed by New Bern
with 4,681, Fayetteville with 4,646, Raleigh with 4,518, Washington
with 2,015, Oxford with 1,978, Edenton with 1,661, Smithville (now
Southport) with 1,464, and Warrenton with 1,242. There are
seventeen other towns with population ranging from 176 to 903; three
which are today among our largest cities, Greensboro, Charlotte, and
Winston-Salem, are not in the list. Of the 139,387 inhabitants listed
by occupation, 81,898 were farmers, 28,143 farm laborers, 989
overseers, 1,326 coopers, 1,587 cordwainers, 124 brewers and
distillers, 175 hat and cap manufacturers, 655 tailors, 873 millers, 354
millwrights, 444 tar and turpentine makers, 113 United States and
State officers, 9 college professors, 747 clergyman, 399 lawyers,
1,083 physicians, and 2,095 students.
While the above named occupations indicate that the condi-
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3 U. S. Census Report of
1850.
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