278 History of Wake Forest College
and, if pine, skinning his trees to make turpentine; if oak or cypress, cutting them
down and turning them into staves or shingles. Another with his turpentine all
forced from the tree, makes ready his fences, and prepares his kiln from this
exhausted material, then turns this cleared land into tilled field, and his stumps into
tar, and after all this, has a stream at his door as deep as it is broad, making into the
main river, to convey at once to market cheaply and expeditiously these various
products of his labor.
Who can be surprised after this that the people here are rich and prosperous? And
who can help feeling that, with their fishing business, with their lands all covered
with forests of pine and oak, yielding tar, turpentine, shingles and staves, or with
these gone, the same lands groaning under the weight of the abundant harvest, and,
more than this, with their facilities to a ready market-who I say can help feeling that
they are bound to support a missionary, build a male and female school among
themselves, rear commodious and comfortable churches, have their regularly
appointed pastors, and last, but not least, contribute largely, very largely, to the
endowment of Wake Forest College? And they are doing all this to a certain extent.
They have commenced a system to support a missionary in China; Holly Grove and
Bethlehem have united and taken a scholarship; Cashie is progressing with
A month after the meeting of the Chowan Association Wingate was
at the Wake Forest Commencement and made his report to the Board
of Trustees, and suggested some modification of the terms of the
scholarships, and a committee was appointed which recommended a
form as suggested.11
Soon after the Commencement Wingate began to labor in three or
four counties of the "up country," in which he hoped to raise $5,000.
A big start towards this was made when a subscription of $1,000 was
received of one friend, which Wingate expected to be matched by
another friend in the same section. He was now working to establish a
professorship in the Natural Sciences. This would require eighteen
other one thousand dollar subscriptions, yet he was hopeful of getting
them, since this professorship was of great interest to the practical
men of the denomination, as it would
10 Ibid., March 4, 1853.
11 Proceedings, p. 92 f.