356 History of Wake Forest College
four classes, Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior-and a
preparatory department, and "all the old students then in college
Brooks's diary reveals the further fact that much more of the
student's time in his day was devoted to study than students of today
usually devote to it. The vacations were shorter in the aggregate than
they are today, about forty weeks being given to the school year.
During this period all the student's time was spent at Wake Forest;
there were no week-end trips and practically no visits to Raleigh or
other places. The student remained at the institution and his whole
day was mapped out for him. During the manual labor period he had
three hours for work on the farm or in the shop, seven hours for sleep,
the requisite time for meals, periods for chapel, recitations and study.
On this schedule the students might make greater advances in the
school year in academic studies than is now possible. Furthermore, on
Sunday, Bible classes were provided, with regular series of lectures
by members of the faculty, which the student was expected to attend
and on which he took
In addition to this the student
had the work of his literary society, in which he learned to declaim
and debate; he was encouraged also to become a member of some
other societies, such as the Eclectic Society, meeting on week days,
and others like the Society of Inquiry, meeting on Sunday. Before
these societies the students often read essays on assigned topics.
Brooks's diary offers evidence that they made good use of such books
as the Library contained, though he makes no mention of periodicals.
The full list of the studies of the Senior Class for the spring term of
1839 was Language, Chemistry and Natural History, Story's
Commentaries, and Intellectual
Wake Forest Student, XIII, 472.
Brooks's diary, passim.
From large blank book spoken of above in which are the records of grades of
students, arranged by classes, for all years from February, 1839 to 1867. These
show the subjects assigned to members of the classes for the spring term of 1839.
The same list is given in the records of grades of the members of the classes. W. T.
Brooks and Childers made grades averaging between 80 and 85; J. T. Brooks about
80; Jones about 65.