366 History of Wake Forest College
be frozen. The last two instruments were believed equal to any in the
South. The faculty proudly proclaimed that their apparatus was ample
for the best instruction in the sciences with the exception of
Chemistry, and that in a short time the apparatus for that also would
In some way which does not appear a satisfactory chemical
apparatus was secured. The only record to it in the minutes of the
Board, is an account of $56.40 allowed Professor W. G. Simmons in
June, 1859, for chemicals and apparatus which he had bought for his
Returning now to the work of the classroom we find that for more
than ten years no scientific course was offered except Natural
Philosophy, which, while mostly devoted to natural phenomena which
would now be classed under Physics, included also something of
Chemistry, and sometimes a little
The Chemistry taught in
this course was at its best nothing more than lectures illustrated by
simple experiments which required only a few compounds and
improvised apparatus. Its nature may be inferred from an article in the
Biblical Recorder of March 18, 1848, in which an account is given of
a public lecture on Chemical Affinity by Professor J. B. White, before
an audience of students, residents, and visitors. The lecturer exhibited
specimens of coral, conglomerate rock and crystals as products of
chemical afnity; the experiments he performed, however, must have
been with copper sulphate, sulphuric acid, and similar compounds,
with which he could show his company how a steel blade immersed
in a bath of copper sulphate would take a coating of copper, or sul-
phuric acid if mixed with water would raise its
Advertisement in Biblical Recorder, dated December 12, 1854. In the same
paper of March 24, 1854, the editor says: "About $1,000 have been expended in
procuring instruments to complete the Philosophical and Astronomical apparatus.
Every important principle in these sciences can now be illustrated by experiments.
The apparatus is more extensive than that of any other Literary institution in the
State except the University."
David Rice Creecy, Wake Forest Student, XXVII, 314, names Botany among
his studies in 1839-41.
The account closes: "Although his apparatus was incomplete, the ready facility
and unerring success with which the several experiments were performed proved
that the lecturer was thoroughly acquainted with the subject
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