374 History of Wake Forest College
for it of ten thousand dollars from the Literary Fund of the State.32 It
seems to have been the hope of Craven to receive appropriations from
the State for the support of his college, but the Legislatures thereafter
refused to make them, and after a few years normal instruction was
for the most part discontinued in Normal College.
After the accession of President Wingate, in 1854, Wake Forest,
being repulsed in its normal instruction purpose turned to making its
work wholly collegiate.
Another matter in connection with the course of study must be
mentioned, though it concerned only a textbook, Wayland's Moral
Science. On June 11, 1856, the Board of Trustees forbade its use in
the instruction of the College.33
This was no hasty and unconsidered action. The session at which it
passed was attended by Samuel Wait, J. J. James, T. W. Tobey, W.
M. Crenshaw, R. W. Herndon, Elias Dodson, Samuel Canady, R. W.
Lawson, J. S. Purefoy, Calvin Graves, Alfred Dockery, Council
Wooten, George W. Purefoy, William Russell, Thomas Settle, and R.
M. McRacken. Among them were some of the most trusted ministers
among the Baptists of the State; James was the present and Tobey a
former editor of the Biblical Recorder; others were prominent in the
political life of the State, such men as Dockery, Settle and Graves;
Wooten of Lenoir and Russell of Caswell, Herndon of Granville, and
McRacken of Columbus were among the State's wealthy planters.
Probably not all were present when the vote was taken.
The ground of objection to Wayland's book was doubtless its
chapter on slavery, which was a very impassioned statement and,
as it appears after these years, rather of the nature of an
abolitionist pamphlet; in it slavery was dealt with as a sectional
rather than a national evil, as individual rather than social, and
while the author sought to be conciliatory his expressions were
Brooks, Ibid., p. 91. This loan was used to build the brick building of old
Trinity, and was paid in Confederate money. Noble, Public Education in N. C., p.
The record reads: "On Motion, Resolved, That Wayland's Moral Science be
dispensed with in the Instruction given at Wake Forest College." Proceedings, p.
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