432 History of Wake Forest College
until 1859, and the next year, 1859-60, a further drop of twenty per
cent, and almost as large a per cent of decrease the next year. A
Southern man and an alumnus was president. The College was better
equipped than ever before, it had a larger faculty, it was kept
constantly before the Baptists of the State both by notice in the
Biblical Recorder and by active agents, while the fifty-thousand-
dollar campaign for endowment was brought to completion at the
Convention of 1857 at Hertford after the rather wonderful
manifestation of interest in the Convention at Raleigh in 1856. A
progressive increase and not a progressive decline would naturally
have been expected.
The reason seems to have been internal; it is discussed in the
chapter on The Literary Societies. The decline really began in the
spring term of 1855-56, when the enrollment was only ninety-three, a
decline of ten from the enrollment of the fall term, whereas normally
it should have been larger. The next year there was a decrease of more
than twenty per cent. This was doubtless brought about by the
dissatisfaction which arose in the Philomathesian Society over the
fact, as told in the chapter named, that for the first two years of
Wingate's administration nearly all the new students joined the
Euzelian Society to which Wingate belonged. The Philomathesians
attributed this turning of students to the other society to the fact that
nearly all the members of the faculty were Euzelians, which brought
about an ugly temper among the Philomathesians. Their grievances
are faithfully set forth in the Memorial which they presented to the
Trustees in June, 1856. It is plainly stated that inequality of
Philomathesian representation on the faculty was a cause of students
leaving college, and the request was made that this be corrected.
There is no evidence that the Trustees took any formal notice of this
At this time, June, 1856, the faculty consisted of Wingate, Walters,
Brooks, all former active members of the Euzelian Society, and W. H.
Owen, an honorary member of the same Society, and of one
Philomathesian, W. G. Simmons. At the Commence-
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