532 History of Wake Forest College
knew nothing of what is now called library science, and little of how
to keep books in order. No book at first seems to have had any regular
place on the shelves, but was put where the librarian found most
convenient. If one librarian introduced some system and order his
successor most probably disregarded it and deranged the whole. The
first attempt at order was to place labels (what are now called
bookplates) in all the volumes and number them serially. The
Euzelians learned to do this consistently and placed the books on the
shelves in the order of number. In this order they were kept on the
shelves, giving the one advantage of having a permanent place for
every book. The Philomathesians, however, made some effort, as their
book-plates reveal, to arrange their books by shelves, but with the
addition of new books and the frequent change of shelves it was very
difficult to keep a book where it could be readily found. In 1854 a
committee appointed by this Society to assist the librarian in getting
the books in some kind of order, reported that they had accomplished
that task only "after labors Herculean." Finally in 1859 this Society
ordered the books to be arranged in alphabetical order on the shelves,
as they were already roughly grouped in their catalogue.
One other trouble that until the days of vacuum cleaners was
common to all libraries was that of dust. No one librarian seemed to
think it a part of his duty to keep the books clean, and the Societies
were obliged to appoint committees for this purpose, consisting in
some instances of as many as eight persons.
Before the end of the period both Societies had manuscript
catalogues of their books, and the Euzelians a printed catalogue. The
Philomathesian Society in April, 1841, ordered the librarian to
register the name of the Society in all books and count them, and in
November, 1853, appointed a committee which arranged the books
and catalogued them. This committee however, seems to have made
no permanent catalogue for all its great labors mentioned above. It
was not until March 26, 1859, that the Society ordered that a
committee of seven be appointed to arrange the books in alphabetical
order, and to purchase a book in which
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