Samuel Wait and the Convention 49
Louisburg and Oxford. It was also used very early to denote a
Captain's District of the militia system of the State.
It appears in the
Raleigh Register of January 31, 1823, in an advertisement as the
designation of a school, "The Wake Forest Academy" signed by
Samuel Alston and Calvin Jones, which is said to be situated fifteen
miles north of Raleigh and within two miles of the Wake Forest
postoffice. This postoffice was established January 2, 1823, with
Calvin Jones postmaster, and the office was said to be in his house. A
year before the same academy-that at Forestville-was called the
Macedonian Academy. After this the name Wake Forest is frequently
found, and was given to several schools in the Wake Forest
Professor L. R. Mills, Wake Forest Student, III, 22, February, 1884, says: "it is
said that in the part of Wake County bounded by Neuse River on the south, the
Franklin line on the north, Horse Creek on the west, and Smith Creek on the east,
the original oak forest was unusually fine. On this account the section was called the
Forest of Wake, or Wake Forest. Hence the name of our College."
For the Captain's District, see statement of G. W. Purefoy, Biblical Recorder,
April 15, 1835. It was also the name of Masonic Lodge, Number 97, on the Powell
Road, five miles south.
According to Mr. Arthur Chappell, the surveyor of this section, the original Wake
Forest district extended from the Raleigh-Louisburg Road on the east to the
Raleigh-Oxford road on the west. This roughly corresponds with the bounds given
by Professor Mills. Until about 1820 there was no bridge on the Neuse River
between the bridges on these roads. At that time Mr. Jesse Powell built a bridge
about half a mile below the present railroad bridge and constructed through the
heart of Wake Forest a road which branched just below the present town limits, one
branch extending to the Oxford Road the other to the Louisburg road. This road was
called the Powell road. The Powell residence, a fine old colonial mansion, still
stands east of the road just south of Wyatt.
I find the following schools advertised in the Raleigh papers and listed in
Coon's book, for the decade preceding the establishment of the College: 1. The
Forest Hill Academy, 1820. At this time it had already been open two years. It was
15 miles north of Raleigh on the Oxford road. John Legon, Secy; later John Martin,
Samuel H. Smith and Wm. Crenshaw sign the advertisements. 2. The Macedonian
Academy, 1822.... In 1823 this became the Wake Forest Academy and was so called
until the establishment of Wake Forest Institute in 1834, when it again was given its
original name. It was in the present town of Forestville. The building, much
dilapidated, is still standing. It was a classical institution. Among its advertisers we
find the names of John Purify, Samuel Alston, William Phillips, and William
Alston. 3. The Wake Forest Pleasant Grove Academy, 1828. This school was first
advertised by Jesse
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