Physicians 635
assuming the duties of president of the College; for him the young
Wallace conceived a great admiration, and by him he was baptized.
Wallace was an able student and completed the college course in a
half year less than the usual time, graduating with first distinction in
June, 1850. Choosing medicine for his profession he entered the
Medical College in the University of New York from which he
received his medical degree. While a student in this school he was
assistant in Chemistry to Dr. John W. Draper, who offered him a
position in the University. However, he preferred to pursue his
medical studies further and went to Philadelphia, probably to the
University of Pennsylvania, where he was again assistant to the
Professor of Chemistry. In 1854 he began the practice of medicine in
North Carolina, but in December of that year moved to Texas, and
located at Independence. For a period he was Professor of Latin and
Greek in Baylor University, which was then located at Independence.
In 1862 he was appointed regimental surgeon and departmental
surgeon in the Confederate States Army. After the War he again took
up the practice of medicine and continued it until 1874 when
Governor Coke called him to the superintendency of the State Lunatic
Asylum at Austin. It was in this work that Dr. Wallace achieved the
greatest distinction. The following account which indicates the
recognition is brought to him is from a statement by Dr. M. L. Graves,
Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine in the University of
Texas:4
Called by Governor Coke to preside over the State Lunatic Asylum at Austin, he
developed a high order of administrative ability, and formulated policies and
methods of care and treatment of defective and diseased minds of wide-reaching
influence. So successful was this work that, when the Legislature of Texas made
provision for a new and larger institution at Terrell, he was instructed by Governor
Ireland to locate, build, and organize it, and for eight years superintended this great
institution. To his business judgment, to his administrative and professional talent,
was due the high place this institution at once took throughout the country. His
papers before various scientific societies and the annual reports
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4 Wake Forest Student, XXVIII, 319.
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