76 History of Wake Forest College
of dissatisfaction with the board during the first year have made
themselves heard. Then as now in college boarding houses the staple
meat was beef. Many of the students had not been accustomed to it as
a daily dish; and one big fellow aroused an approving laugh one day
by proposing: "Fellows, let us do our endeavor and eat up all this
Dr. J. A.
in a note taken from his autobiography,
shows that he found one dish not to his liking. He says: "We were
furnished at breakfast with a dish which we called Hodge-podge,
similar, I suppose, in its ingredients and getting up, to Shakespeare's
Hodge pudding. At any rate, though highly flavored, it was not
sweetly savored." But what did he expect for four dollars and fifty
cents a calendar month?
We have seen that Wake Forest Institute was chartered as a manual
labor institution. Schools of this kind had come into much favor in the
United States because of the success and fame of Fellenberg's manual
labor institution in Switzerland. Philip Emanuel Fellenberg was a
noble Swiss who in his early years took an active part in affairs of
state. But becoming disgusted with politics, while he was serving on a
diplomatic mission in Paris, he returned home, bought an estate of six
hundred acres at Hofwyl, near Bern, and on it, in 1797, established his
school on the manual labor system with agriculture as a basis. This
school he kept up, making improvements from time to time, until his
death in 1844. Ridiculed at first his school gradually "began to attract
the notice of foreign countries, and pupils began to flock to him from
every country in Europe, both for the purpose of studying agriculture
and to profit by the high moral training which he associated with his
The most notable result which came from the Hofwyl institution
was the impulse it gave to the development of manual labor schools in
the United States. To it many of our colleges which
30 A. G. Headen, "Early Days at Wake Forest," Wake Forest Student,
Vol. XXI.
31 Wake Forest Student, X, 324.
32 Ency. Brit., s. v. Fellenberg.
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