86 History of Wake Forest College
supporting for the five manual labor
years.47
But the farm paid little or
no returns on the investment. General Alfred Dockery, one of the
most active members of the Board, who according to Major Ingram
was one of the greatest friends the College ever had, and would leave
his farm any day and drive in his gig all the way from Richmond
County to look after matters at the Institute, took a great interest in the
manual labor feature. A large farmer himself he knew the interest the
principal planters of the State had in it. He was disappointed at the
farm results the first year, and was chairman of a committee on the
farm that reported at the meeting of the Board of Trustees at Cashie,
in Bertie County, November 1-3, 1834. As Mr. Merriam was
resigning, Dockery suggested the appointment of a man in his place
who could apply the methods of farming as practiced in North
Carolina. Calculating that 100 students working three hours a day-a
requirement which the Trustees at this time insisted should be rigidly
applied-would be equal to twenty fulltime field hands, he advised that
for the year 1835 a crop of not less than 250 acres should be planted,
150 acres in corn, 75 in cotton, 25 in peas and vegetables. He also
advised the building of two shops, one for a turner, another for a
joiner, in which
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47 From the report of the farmer for 1834, it was ascertained that the farm yielded
during the year the following items, viz.:
130 barrels of Corn
8,000 weight of Fodder
6,000 weight of Hay
112 bushels of Wheat
17,000 weight of Oats
25 bushels of table Peas
150 bushels of Potatoes
The product of the garden was estimated at $100. It must not be forgotten that the
farm suffered immensely from the drought in the month of August, and also that the
crop was pitched for thirty students only, although there were seventy during the
last session. This report satisfied the Trustees that the Agricultural Department
would sustain itself-for after having paid the students for their labor, allowing an
appropriate sum for the expenses of the horses, and paying the salary of the farmer,
there was a balance of a few dollars in favor of the Department. Records of
Trustees, Nov. 1834. In 1836 the proceeds of the farm were $1,628.00, expenditures
$1,258.90, profit $369.10. "Amicus" Biblical Recorder, December 7, 1836.
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