Manual Labor Days 89
dent earned very little by his labor. For the first year the records show
that the greatest amount accredited to a student for his labor was
$19.73 1/2. This student was John M. Norfleet of Person County. The
average credit for the year for labor was four
As the earnings must have dwindled progressively as the students
were given shorter hours, the Trustees finally put the keeping of his
account for labor in the hands of each student, and in November,
1836, ordered that the students should receive at the end of each
month their earnings as pocket money.
The advisability of keeping the manual labor to feature came up at
nearly every meeting of the Board, and there is evidence that it had
opposition from the first. The Trustees always had many advisers on
this matter. Among them was a writer signing himself "Carolinus," in
three letters addressed to the Board of Trustees published in the
Biblical Recorder of October 5, 12, and 19, 1836. Dr. Wait says that
the writer was a teacher in the College. He was probably H. L.
Graves, tutor in the Classical Languages for 1836 and 1837, and later
the first President of Baylor University. He favored the manual labor
system but only for the purpose of guarding the health of the students
and giving them correct habits of industry; for this one hour of labor a
day was sufficient and no more should be required of students, nor
should they receive pay for their labor. He would also change the
character of the farm, make it a dairy farm with luxuriant fields of
corn and small grain, timothy and clover, of which farm he gives a
luxuriant imaginary panorama from the viewpoint of the top of the
college building. These letters were answered in the Biblical Recorder
by a writer over the name of "Amicus," said by Wait to be a student,
though not named. In point of argument the reader of today will agree
with Wait and Meredith that the student had the better of it, but Wait
attributed to the article of "Carolinus" reluctance on the part of certain
students to
54 Sikes, Wake Forest Bulletin, III, 203. In the records of the College, is a
complete statement of the earnings of every student for his labor under the manual
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