Last Years of Wingate's Administration, 1870-79 135
more extensive than the requirements of today. The general character
of the work in these subjects may be seen from the copies of the final
examinations in them which were printed in the catalogues of 1876-
77 and 1878-79. Few students in the undergraduate departments of
our colleges and universities of today would find any of them easy,
while many would not be able to pass them all. In English the course
was much less extensive, only one year being devoted to all courses in
it, but this was supplemented in two ways: first, by the course in
Logic and Rhetoric taught in the School of Moral Philosophy, and
second, by the work of the Literary Societies. For a certificate of pro-
ficiency in either French or German only five hours of recitation work
a week for one year was required. Since the modern languages were
taught by teachers who had no special training for the work, and who
regarded the subjects of secondary importance, students in these
languages obtained only a very limited knowledge of them. In the
sciences the courses were severe but the instruction was of the
character of such instruction generally before the days when students
began to do laboratory experiments for themselves.
We have seen above (Chapter II) that the total number of
matriculates in the College from January, 1866 to June, 1870, was
206, of whom 55 continued as students after June, 1870. In addition to
these 418 others matriculated during the years 187071 to 1878-79,
making the total number of matriculates from the Civil War until
June, 1879, 624, an average of about 45 a year. Of the 418 who
matriculated in the years 1870-79, 126 remained only one year, and
77 remained only two years. The average enrollment for these years
was about 100, of whom about half were first-year students. The total
number of graduates during these nine years was fifty-six, an average
of about six a year.
How shall we account for this scant enrollment and the small
number of graduates? It was partly due to the fact that the Baptists of
the State though more numerous than the members of other
denominations were mostly farmers, many of whom lived
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