10 History of Wake Forest College
the same courses. The word "class," however, instead of "course" was
used in the Department of Languages to describe the work of different
years, and has often caused confusion.14
In the catalogue for 1867 and those for the years following ending
with that of 1869-70, among the degrees offered is that of Doctor in
Philosophy, Ph.D. The requirements for this degree, it is announced,
are the completion of all the work of all the four Departments, with a
credit of 32 Certificates, equal to 160 semester hours in the language
now used for rating credits. To have done this a student would have to
have entered without condition and passed twenty hours of class work
a week for four years. There is no record that any one was ever a
candidate for the degree or received it from the college.
For the degree of Bachelor in Arts the requirements were the
completion of two years, twenty recitations, of Latin beginning with
Livy; two years, twenty recitations of Greek, beginning with
Xenophon; two years, twenty recitations, of Mathematics, beginning
with Algebra; and one year, ten recitations, each in Natural
Philosophy, Chemistry, English and History, Logic and Rhetoric,
Moral and Mental Philosophy, and Political Economy and Evidences
of Christianity, a total of 120 semester hours.
The degree of Bachelor in Philosophy was also offered in the new
curriculum. To obtain it the student was required to complete the
work in any one ancient language or in both modern foreign
languages, 20 recitations, and to add the course in Natural His-
Statement of Dr. William Royall, Wake Forest Student, VIII, 359f., June, 1889:
"The task imposed upon the teachers at Wake Forest can hardly be called that of
reorganizing. There was not even the skeleton of the original left. The old
curriculum had lost its power of standing, the spirit which animated it vanishing, in
`the natural course of things,' into the misty realms of the distant past. `Old things
had passed away.'
The elective system was adopted as a logical necessity. Seldom were two young
men found prepared equally well for any one study, much less for entrance on a
common course of study. Every one fearing that the present would prove to have
been the last year at college wished to put the little time he certainly had at his
command to the best account. In order to suit the varying conditions and needs of
students such elasticity had to be given to the course as promised to do the most for
the individual and return him as quickly as possible to one of the various walks of
active life to help the country tide over present and imminent calamities."
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