Pritchard's Contribution to General Education 185
on the principle that higher learning comprehends all subordinate
degrees of learning, for education comes from above, not from below.
His first thesis was that general education adds greatly to the wealth
of a people and that the best educated nations were the richest. First,
he showed the need of education for farmers, pointing to the wasteful
methods of farming of the time, and declaring that men of the highest
culture are demanded in tilling the soil. Next, he spoke of the
manufacturing industries, showing how they were enriching states
like Massachusetts which gave attention to education, and showing by
the case of England how much depended upon having workers in
them trained in industrial and trade schools, for which England
appropriated a half million dollars annually; North Carolina needs, he
declared, mechanical as well as agricultural industries; needs
technical schools for skill and success in manufactures; many of these
industries need highly educated men.
Next, the new president discussed the public schools of the state
and quoted from the reports of the Superintendent of Public
Instruction to show their condition- only half the children of school
age were in the public schools, and only one-third in average daily
attendance; the school term was not nine months but nine weeks; the
annual appropriation for tuition only one dollar a pupil; there were
400,000 people in the state who could not read or write, one-third of
the whole. Discussing the matter further he said that three things were
necessary for an effective school system: first, the people must be
taught the value of these schools so as to be willing to pay taxes for
their support; secondly, legislators must be intelligent enough to
appreciate the need of schools and provide for them; and thirdly, the
schools must have competent teachers, for the training of whom
colleges and seminaries and universities were needed.
In this address Pritchard said little about any kind of college
education except that in technical colleges, of the need of which he
spoke in emphatic terms, and he dwelt at much more length
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