The First Fight Against Appropriations 191
many years afterwards continued to be the chief ground of opposition
on the part of friends of denominational colleges to appropriations by
the State to the University, the essential parts of Durham's article are
The great development of other schools in the State, male and female, shows that
this Institution-The State University-doesn't take hold of the people. The fact that
the Legislature has not, in the prosperous condition of the State and their large
expenditures in other ways, been induced, and perhaps cannot be, to give it a yearly
appropriation of ten thousand dollars, is proof that the Institution does not grapple
There is necessarily some cause for this. Let us, if we can, find and remove it.
The religious idea as connected with education is taking stronger hold on the
entire people than ever before. Hence the development and increased influence of
the denomination schools. Just in proportion as this idea is enlarged and pressed on
the attention of the people, as it most certainly will be, and as the University has, or,
from the number of Trustees, Executive Committee or Faculty taken from one
religious denomination, seems to have a sectarian bias in its control or in its
influence, will it not only fail to gain, but necessarily lose in its hold on the people
and in its patronage also.
I have no unkind word for the Episcopal brethren, and do not hold them
responsible for the present condition of the institution, but simply state a few facts
With perhaps nine-tenths of the people of this State the Episcopal Church and the
Episcopalians, as such, are most unpopular.
The most of the people believe, too, that whatever of denominational influence
the University has ever exerted has been towards that church. In this way it seems to
them like a denominational college. The trouble is that the more they investigate the
more they are impressed with that idea.
They look at the Board of sixty-five Trustees, and find a majority, certainly a
large majority of the active members, are Episcopalians; to the eight "additional
Trustees" that the law requires to be "from points conveniently accessible to the seat
of government and the University," and find five Episcopalians; to the Executive
Committee of seven, and find four (a majority every time) are Episcopalians; to the
President, and he is an Episcopalian; and to the Faculty, and here "the Church" is in