The First Fight Against Appropriations 193
ers were made by friends of the University, the most notable being
those made five years before by Walter L. Steele, in reply to what
Battle calls "a labored newspaper attack" by Rev. L. S. Burkhead,
president of the Board of Trustees of Trinity College. Steele's
argument was that the seeming favor given Episcopalians was only
accidental and that the Trustees only voted for the best interest of the
University in all their actions. After five years, however, Durham and
people generally were unconvinced, and there was no answering the
figures he produced. And it is only just to state that it was not until the
conditions revealed by Durham's figures were gradually removed that
increasing good will for the University has been manifest.
A second contention urged by some friends of the denominational
colleges was that if the University was to receive appropriations from
the State it should be a university in fact; that is, do only work above
college grade, and thus not to operate as a rival of the denominational
colleges. This also was not new. As was told in the chapter on "The
Eclipse of the University," such a statement was made and supported
by representatives of the various denominational colleges of the State
at the educational meeting in Raleigh in July, 1873. It had also been
urged in the article of Burkhead mentioned
above.3
This view was
now revived by the editor of the Biblical Recorder, who said: "We
favor the University as a university, and desire its success. We want
to see it a university in fact, as well as in name, and not an ordinary
college in competition with other colleges of the State. This it cannot
remain and draw on the other colleges of the State for support." This
expression brought a sharp reply by Professor A. W. Mangum of the
University faculty, which was published in the News and Observer.
But both Mangum's article and a further article by the editor were
little more than quibbling over the definition of "university" found in
the dictionaries of Worcester and
Webster.4
Nothing is heard in the
―――――――
3
Battle. History of the University of North Carolina. II, 99.
4 One rather amusing turn was that when Mangum insisted that according to
Webster a university was an "assembly of colleges," and therefore the Uni-
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