The First Fight Against Appropriations 195
in public school education. Before the Civil War they had urged the
establishment of associational academies, and the College had
introduced special courses for the training of teachers for the common
schools, and the Biblical Recorder had lent its powerful support to the
schools all along; and in 1842 the Baptist State Convention had urged
their support. After the War the friends of the College pursued a like
course. At the meeting in Raleigh in February, 1873, to launch the
campaign for endowment for the College, as we have seen, the chief
topic of discussion was the improvement of the public schools. And at
this time, beginning with his inaugural address, Pritchard had been
educating the people of the State in his many speeches to an interest
in public school education.
It was at this juncture that Governor Thomas J. Jarvis in his
message to the Legislature in January, 1881, recommended that an
annual appropriation of $7,500 a year be made from the State
Treasury for the support of the University. Up to this time the
University had received occasional grants from the State, but no
regular appropriations. It had indeed come into the enjoyment of the
income of $7,500 a year, representing the interest at six per cent of a
Land Grant Fund apportioned by the Federal Government to the State
of North Carolina in accord with an Act of Congress of July 2, 1862,
as the State's share in the sale of public land for the establishment of
agricultural and mechanical colleges. As North Carolina had no such
college, the University was granted the income on the understanding
that it would establish and maintain an agricultural department.
Though the parent sum was lost by investing it in worthless state
bonds, the State in order to fulfill its obligations to the Federal
Government continued to pay the interest on it to the University until
the establishment of the State Agricultural and Mechanical College in
1887. One of the conditions of the contract was that the University
should provide for the free tuition of one beneficiary from each of the
ninety-four counties in the State.
Seeking to model the proposed appropriation after the con-
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