XXI
III-"HOW FAR SHOULD A STATE UNDERTAKE TO
EDUCATE"
It was told above that in 1881 the purpose of Governor Jarvis and
other friends of the State University to have the General Assembly
erect an additional one hundred scholarships for free tuition was
abandoned on the strong representation of President T. H. Pritchard
and others that this constituted unfair competition for patronage with
the denominational colleges. In 1885, President K. P. Battle of the
State University made bold to ask the General Assembly for an
additional appropriation of $15,000 to enable the University "to add
important professorships and supply much needed apparatus." Though
this was resisted by the friends of the denominational colleges it was
easily passed after an understanding was had that the number of
scholarships would not be
increased.1
After this all was quiet for several years, and perhaps little or no
opposition would have been made to normal increases in the
appropriations by the General Assembly to the State University, had it
not been, for the vigorous campaign for students begun by President
George T. Winston on his assumption of the presidency of that
institution in 1891. His instrument was free scholarships, possibly
provided by private donations but made possible by the fact that other
expenses of the University were paid from the appropriations from the
State treasury. These scholarships were bestowed with a liberal hand,
and with all the seductive arts of a skilled campaigner. The result was
that the number of students at the University increased from 198 in
1891 to 316 in 1893, and 389 in 1894, and President Winston
―――――――
1
Battle, History of the University of North Carolina, 304ff. Dr. Battle's account
is somewhat confused as to dates. He seems to indicate, p. 310, that Dr. Taylor's
Pamphlet, "How Far Should a State Undertake to Educate?" was published in 1885,
though in reality the papers in that pamphlet first appeared in the Biblical Recorder
of April and May, 1894, and were published in a pamphlet the same year.
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