294 History of Wake Forest College
was telling the Legislature of 1893 that his institution was giving free
tuition to 126 students "who could not otherwise be educated," and
that "fully one-third of the students in the University were aided by
loans, scholarships, or labor." At the same time the progressive
increase in the enrollment of Wake Forest College, culminating in 233
students in 1892-93, had been checked and the enrollment was
reduced to 191 in 1892-93 and 197 in 1893-94.2 These facts were
mentioned with some alarm in President Taylor's reports to the Board
of Trustees at the commencements in 1893 and 1894, and attributed
by him to "the new educational policy of the State," to which, said he
in 1893, he offered "firm but courteous resistance." One immediate
result was that collections from students were less by $2,000 in 1892-
93 than in the previous year, in consequence of which the Board of
Trustees found it necessary to reduce the salaries of all members of
the faculty ten per cent-of full professors from $1,500 to $1,350 a
year, which reduction remained for five years, until June, 1898.
Among the men working on this reduced salary were W. L. Poteat,
W. B. Royall, B. F. Sledd, L. R. Mills, and J. B. Carlyle, and later, N.
Y. Gulley.
The president, faculty, trustees and informed friends of the College
were convinced that the decreased number of students with the
consequent falling off in revenues was due to unfair competition for
students on the part of President Winston. It was hardly true at this
period to say that student material was practically unlimited, as the
supporters of the policy of the University often did say.3 President
Taylor had studied the situation and had another view. In his report to
the Board of Trustees in June, 1885, he said that not more than 250
men annually entered all the higher educational institutions of the
State, of whom, we know, many were badly prepared for college
2 There was no marked change in the enrollment of Davidson College for these
years; it was 150 in 1891-92, and 162 in both 1892-93 and 1893-94. At Trinity
College the enrollment was 176 in 1891-92 and 178 and 179 in 1892-93 and 1893-
94, but in 1894-95 it had fallen to 158, and to 126 in 1895-96. It was in 1898 that
the Gattys-Kilgo Controversy got into the courts.
Battle, History of the University of North Carolina, II, 478.
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