"How Far Should a State Undertake to Educate" 297
of the treatise. "For the views advanced in this paper," he says, "the
writer assumes all responsibility. He has not asked, and does not
desire formal endorsement from any individual, institution, political
party, or Christian denomination. . . . His only object is to help and
not to hurt, the cause of educationof all education in North Carolina.
As a matter of accident, this discussion was originally published in a
religious newspaper." Any intelligent reader will see that not any man
you please could have conceived and executed this exquisite piece of
logical reasoning in such chaste and simple language.
There are forty-eight sections in the paper, of which the first six are
introductory. The writer, President Taylor, hopes that he may be able
to discuss in a calm and good-natured way
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supposition that Dr. Taylor shrank from a tussle on the hustings, it can easily be
demonstrated that he is wrong in his representation that he was set on to the fight for
the "voluntary principle" in education by others, and in particular by Dr. Columbus
Durham. It was Dr. Durham who was fired by the articles by Dr. Taylor, and not the
other way about. At the beginning of this fight Dr. Durham was rather mild.
Reporting as chairman of a committee of the Board of Trustees of Wake Forest
College to the Baptist State Convention of 1892, in speaking of the decreased
number of students at the College, Dr. Durham mentioned as chief cause "the sharp
competition by the State University," and in explanation spoke of "the large number
of free scholarships provided, not by taxation, but by donation, extensively offered,
and to which we cannot and do not object, but on the contrary, rejoice in when
properly used." A few months later, at the commencement in June, 1893, President
Taylor was, so far as appears unprompted, telling the Trustees of the serious threat
to the patronage of the College and of the "firm but courteous resistance" he had
offered to the aggression. And it was Dr. J. D. Hufham, not Dr. C. Durham, who at
the convention of 1893, had brought forward the resolution to appoint a committee
"to memorialize the Legislature at its next meeting [more than a year in the future]
on the friction and competition between the State schools and the donominational
schools; and also to secure, if possible, such arrangements as will enable the schools
founded by citizens to do their work without the unnecessary competition with the
State schools." This committee was to seek the cooperation of committees
representing other denominational colleges. Among those who supported the
resolutions by speeches were Dr. Hufham and Dr. Taylor, but not Dr. Durham. On
the committee provided by the resolutions Dr. Durham was appointed, and so was
Dr. Taylor, Dr. J. W. Carter, W. N. Jones, and Judge W. A. Montgomery. Later
John B. Brewer was put in place of Judge Montgomery. The memorial was prepared
and presented to the Legislature on January 24, 1895; its argument and language
were for the most part taken from Dr. Taylor's articles published in April and May,
1894.
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