298 History of Wake Forest College
the grave and important question of public policy; he has tried to see
both sides; he cannot deal flippantly with such grave matters or allow
selfish motives to dominate his judgment or dictate his language; he
has the right to expect candid and respectful consideration of his
There are two opinions as to what is the wisest educational policy
of the State. The first of these is that the State should educate all, not
only in the lower but also in the higher branches of instruction, and
make provision for this by taxation. For argument in support of this
view Dr. Taylor quotes from Professor Mangum of the State
University, who declared that if the State should provide for secular
education adequately there would no longer be any reason for the
existence of Christian colleges. Next the writer quotes from public
expressions of heads of universities in those States where practically
all higher education was in tax-supported institutions, none of whom
admitted that there was any place for the Christian college. This from
Michigan is typical: "The people of Michigan adopted at the first, as a
fundamental principle of State policy, the idea of universal education
at public expense-education not only in the common school, but also
in its higher grades and in all its branches.... It (the State) can leave no
part of it in other hands; as justly might it delegate to some private
agency any other part of its functions as any part of its educational
system." Next Dr. Taylor quoted from a monograph by Dr. W. B.
Williams a statement of a President in a western state university to the
president of a Christian college, "We mean to get you between the
upper and nether millstones and grind you out," and also this : "Those
who share these views ... seek to crowd the graduates of Christian
colleges out of all prominent positions-such as superintendents of
schools and principals of high schools-and to work in graduates of
State institutions, that they may be the recruiting officers of those
institutions. They belittle the work of the colleges and use what
influence they have to turn students away from them and to turn them
toward the State institutions."
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