302 History of Wake Forest College
large school funds provided from the sale of public lands enabled
them to lavish money on both public schools and universities; North
Carolina had little wealth and a negligible public school fund, and
needed all possible educational revenues raised by taxation for the
public schools, the poor condition and neglect of which the writer set
forth with much fullness, vividness and force. It is only the State that
can make better provision for them. Provision for higher education,
however, can safely be left to private and corporate parties, as is
proved by the excellent higher educational institutions in States where
this is done, whereas in States which support large universities private
citizens do not make gifts for colleges and universities.
In answering the third question the author shows that it is
impossible for the State to furnish the kind of education which is most
desirable for its youth, since the most desirable education contains
religious elements and the State is debarred by its constitution based
on American principles of government from furnishing these religious
elements. The discussion of these propositions occupies sections
XXV to XXXIX, pages 29-41. All phases of the question are argued
at length and every conclusion reinforced by quotation from eminent
scholars and thinkers―Huxley, Whewell of the University of
Cambridge, W. T. Harris, U. S. Commissioner of Education, William
Gaston, Thomas Jefferson, Dr. A. H. Strong, and others. Dr. Taylor
takes note of the fact that the North Carolina State University,
according to a report of its Trustees, had "a bias for religion, the
religion of our Bible, the Christian Religion," but argues that it had no
constitutional right to be biased for any form of religion. He was
willing to admit also that in the past it had been to the advantage of
the University to be under Presbyterian influence, but insisted that it
was violating the principle of separation of church and state to be
under the influence of any group of Christians, and that religion could
be legally taught only in private or denominational institutions.
Accordingly, the best education, that with religious instruction, could
not be given in a tax-supported institution. It follows then that the best
education is
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