"How Far Should a State Undertake to Educate" 303
possible only in the Christian colleges. "Yet," said Dr. Taylor in
closing this section, "their usefulness is imperiled. It is not wise to
wait until too late before sounding the note of warning. The
tendencies are evident."
The remaining two sections, XLII and XLIII, pages 43-45, note
some objections and criticisms both of a general and personal nature,
and state the general conclusion, which is quod erat demonstrandum,
We should rely on voluntary beneficence for the endowment and
equipment of all institutions for higher education, and that we should
aim for the establishment, at the earliest possible day, by wise
taxation, of a six month's public school within reach of every child in
North Carolina."
Attention is called also to the far-reaching effect Dr. Taylor's papers
had in creating interest in the common schools of the State. The
discussion was read from week to week by the thirty-five thousand
readers of the Biblical Recorder; its truths were .preached from two
thousand Baptist pulpits; its facts and figures were repeated before a
hundred Baptist union meetings and fifty Baptist Associations by Dr.
Columbus Durham and many other powerful speakers. The Chowan
Association and the Baptist State Convention made it the basis of
memorials to the State Legislature. Nor did interest stop with the
Baptists. The articles were of such importance that the discussion
became general from one end of the State to the other, and resulted in
what the editor of the Biblical Recorder called "The Educational
Awakening." People in all sections of the State now had brought
home to their minds and consciences as never before that by its
neglect of the public schools the State was robbing its children of
their birthright, committing them to lives of degrading ignorance,
keeping its citizens in poverty and industrial unproductiveness, and
barring all desirable immigrants; their hearts were burning with the
conviction that the State's first educational duty was to these schools
and not to higher education.
There is no ground for the often repeated statement that it was only
a fictitious interest that the Baptists and their leaders had
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