306 History of Wake Forest College
It is also worthy of record that the interest manifested by the
College in public education did avail and was effective. The education
of the people, in pulpit and in press, in Associations and Conventions,
was necessarily a slow process, but it was continuous and under it the
tide of interest flowed ever stronger and stronger. It produced a
Scarborough in 1876 and a Pritchard in 1879, a Taylor in 1894, and a
Bailey in 1895. It is not claimed that they had done this work alone;
there were others than Baptists and the friends of the College who in
the days of Reconstruction and after had the interest of the free
schools at heart; there was a great swell in the tide in 1889-92, when
two young alumni of the University, C. D. McIver and E. A.
Alderman, being chosen by the State Board of Education, held
teachers institutes in most of the counties of the State and by public
addresses sought to create greater interest in the public schools; their
activity was proof that there had been a break in the barriers of
indifference of certain educated classes to the welfare of the common
schools. The condition of the public schools was still deplorable in
1893, in 1895, in 1897, in 1899, but in all those years the champions
in their struggle for improvement were a president and certain alumni
of Wake Forest College, among them J. W. Bailey, Editor of the
The battle for the free schools had been won. As
a condition of their support of the "White Supremacy Amendment" in
1900, the people had been promised that their sons should be
educated for citizenship. On assuming the office of Governor in
January, 1901, Charles B. Aycock was faithful to remember this
pledge and to urge the Legislatures to make better provision for the
free schools; in numerous public speeches he sought to disarm such
hostility to them as remained and to create an enthusiastic interest in
them. Because of his faithfulness he is known as the "Educational
Governor." Along with Governor
to Public School Advancement in North Carolina." Wake Forest Student, XLVII,
31ff., November, 1929. For a further statement as to the opposition of McIver and
Alderman to this appropriation see Daniels, Editor in Politics, 323f. Biblical
Recorder, March 17, 1897.
12 See his editorial articles and notes, from his taking charge of the paper in 1893
until he resigned the editorship, in 1907.
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