The Board of Education, 1862-1915 483
purpose; furthermore the presence of such men in the classes would
inevitably cause the lowering of the standard of work in those classes,
since it would have to be mediated to students with less time for
preparation of the lessons. No doubt, such was the effect, although it
is true, on the other hand, that the training those serving churches got
in preaching and the actual work of the ministry did prove valuable to
them. It should also be said that many of those who served churches
were married men with families to support and could not have
attended college had they been forbidden to earn a living by
An example of the strict oversight exercised by the Board over its
beneficiaries, in the early years especially, is seen in the case of J. F.
Tuttle, who before assuming the superintendency of the Sunday
school at Wake Cross Roads in September, 1869, got the permission
of the Board.
Until about 1890 the Board undertook to provide for its regular
beneficiaries board, room-rent and washing. The total cost ranged
from eight to twelve dollars a month. At the boarding houses, through
all this period, board was ten dollars for the calendar month. As there
was complaint among the churches that this was too much, an effort
was made to introduce the club system of board at Wake Forest; as
told above such a system was introduced in 1871 and board was
furnished for eight dollars a month for a short time, when the system
was given up, probably because the students were so few that a club
could not be run for the low price. Room-rent was fixed by the price
charged by the College in its dormitories, three dollars for five
months. Washing ranged from seventy-five cents to one dollar and
twenty-five cents a month, four weeks. From 1890 to 1900 the
average amount allowed to each beneficiary was nine dollars a month,
out of which he had to pay one dollar a month for the library and
incidental fees collected by the bursar. In those years, however, the
number of students had increased, and several boarding houses were
charging only eight dollars a month and there were clubs at which
good board could be obtained for less. Not all the beneficiaries,
however, received the full amount. Many, having
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