Science, Evolution 123
much more serious for the speaker than for his former teacher, but at
the same time it served to create a suspicion that all was not right in
the biology department of Wake Forest College.
On the election of Poteat as president all these things, both his
views on the Atonement and his teaching of evolution, were taken
into account by the Trustees. But statements made by the newly
elected president soon after his election, of which little was said,
satisfied them. For the next fifteen years, 1905-1920, all went well; in
his many hundreds of speeches before audiences much varying in
character, he made no reference to the Bushnellian theory of the
Atonement and there was nothing to offend in his expositions of the
harmony of science and religion. It is probable that nothing more
would have been heard of the matter if the North Carolina Baptists
had been left to themselves. But about 1920 there arose much
excitement in the South among Christians of all denominations over
the teaching of evolution in the schools and colleges. The legislatures,
of some states enacted statutes definitely forbidding the teaching of
evolution in schools supported by taxation, one result of which was
the famous Scopes trial in Tennessee. In several Southern states the
Baptists, who had become vividly conscious of their ownership and
control of the Baptist colleges from representations made in the so-
called "Seventy-five Million Campaign," in conventions and as-
sociations, voted that no evolution should be taught in their colleges
and that all instructors in them should be required to sign statements
declaring their acceptance without reservation of the account of
creation as found in the first chapters of Genesis. Until the summer of
1921 the Baptist colleges of North Carolina, and in particular Wake
Forest College, were sheltered from, this storm that was raging to the
south and west. But at length it broke on President W. L. Poteat in an
article by Rev. T. T. Martin, which was published in the Western
Recorder of Kentucky and the Baptist papers of several other states,
but not in the Biblical Recorder. Mr. Martin himself was a citizen of a
state to the west, and a man of rather limited attainments, but in the
preparation of his paper, which was written forcibly, he was under-
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