Summer School 185
in a larger school, and to draw a salary of $65 a month, which was
munificence itself, since teachers in the rural schools had often been
working for $20.00 to $30.00 a month. The holder of this certificate
could gain the elementary A-grade certificate by completing the next
four groups of study, each requiring six weeks, and get a salary of $75
a month, and so on till the salary reached $100.00 a month.11
In the two or three years before the State Department made the
definite statement of courses mentioned above some students had
already manifested a disposition to take the easiest way through the
summer school, and were freely electing courses in penmanship, plays
and games, music and art.12 None of the groups, however, was
excessively difficult; the average student could easily do them and
still have time for recreation.
After 1924 the State Department began to make advances in its
certificate requirements, the advance being from six weeks in addition
to high school graduation for the Elementary B certificate, in 1921 to
twelve weeks in 1925. After 1927 the Bulletin carries no further
reference to this certificate, except that students holding it. might raise
it by doing an additional thirty hours of work, partly prescribed. After
1933 the State Department gave no certificate except to those who
had done sixty semester hours of college work, and made ninety
semester hours the minimum in 1935, and after July 1, 1941, required
a Bachelor's degree of all.
With the advances in requirements for teachers' certificates came
corresponding changes in the personnel of the students in
11 The increased salaries interested others as well as teachers. A prominent
statesman remarked to the writer that they were going far towards ruining the State,
and he spoke with much contempt of a system under which "little girls" made so
12 One young lady coming up to register for work in 1922 was advised to take
courses in English, mathematics and history. No, sir, she said; she had been to State
College the summer before, and before she learned the ropes they had put off on her
such courses and she had nearly worked herself to death, but she "bedogged her
cats" if she was going to take any more such work; she wanted time to enjoy life;
what was a summer school for? And she insisted on registering for penmanship,
plays and games, and music. Before another summer she was married.
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