266 History of Wake Forest College
Until about the close of the century the Euzelian and Philoma-
thesian societies continued to find the speakers who made the literary
addresses, and for a few years longer they were consulted, and they
paid part of the expenses. Among those chosen in the early years were
many who were prominent in the political life of the State, among
these in addition to Vance, already noted, were Senator A. S.
Merrimon, 1873, Senator M. W. Ransom, 1879, 1887, 1897;
Representatives W. M. Robbins, 1876 (not able to be present but
address read), R. F. Armfield, 1885, A. M. Waddell, 1875, and D. G.
Fowle, 1877, then attorney general, and afterwards governor of the
State, whose address won the speaker so much favor that the Trustees
and faculty conferred upon him the degree of Doctor of Laws. In
1870, the address was by Judge John Kerr; in 1895 by T. W. Mason,
who in 1894 was a member of the North Carolina Railroad
Commission. In 1889 the address was by William L. Wilson, of West
Virginia, who had been president of the University of West Virginia,
and was then a member of Congress, in which he was later to attain
nation-wide renown as an authority on tariffs and the author of the
Wilson Tariff. At Wake Forest he spoke on "Citizenship," in a
masterful way. In 1890 and again in 1901 the speaker was Tom
Dixon, Jr., and on both occasions he spoke to overflowing houses,
using in both speeches matter taken from the lectures which made him
famous throughout the country. The only other Wake Forest alumnus
to give the literary address in this period was Dr. David R. Wallace of
Waco, Texas, who had won distinction as an alienist. Often in this
period the Societies chose ministers of the gospel as their speakers-J.
C. Hiden in 1869, when he was pastor of the Wilmington Baptist
Church, and again in 1893, when he was in Richmond; J. B.
Hawthorne of Atlanta, 1881; W. E. Hatcher of Virginia who in 1873
had preached the sermon; Henry McDonald of Richmond and Atlanta
in 1878, F. C. McConnell in 1894, and B. H. Carroll in 1896. H. W.
the occasion, and has shown that its author possesses literary powers of the highest