442 History of Wake Forest College
so foolish as to declare war; and they must use their influence to have
the country cease all the sinful preparation for war, which is always
crime. We need a new type of religion to replace that complacent
evangelism under which wars have ravaged the world for two
thousand years; the emphasis must be on social Christianity, one
which will correct all the social evils of the time; give your thoughts
to racial discriminations, the poor tenants living in hovels and
oppressed by heartless landlords, and insist that the wrongs inflicted
upon Germany shall be righted. Remove the causes of war, show a
Christian spirit, and wars will cease. It is only just to say here that
such lecturers were not long encouraged to come to Wake Forest.
President Kitchin, supported by the protests of some members of the
faculty, soon refused them the right to appear under the auspices of
the College. They did, however, gain followers among the students,
who forgot all else.
But there were many other influences that tended to lead the
students to emphasize social rather than evangelistic Christianity; they
read the literature of the new gospel, periodicals and books, and the
study manuals used in their societies; they heard the new propaganda
both from agents who went the rounds of the colleges, speaking to the
young peoples societies, and from enthusiasts among their own
number. Their numerous delegates heard it especially at general
conferences, conventions and other meetings-with the exception of
Ridgecrest meetings and the sum of what they heard was that the old
gospel had failed and what was needed was the salvation of
governments, which could be effected by the Christians of the world
uniting and exercising the full weight of their influence to control the
government's domestic affairs and to form and direct its foreign
policy, and these delegates often came from the conferences or con-
ventions as ardent advocates of the new faith 5
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5 One may get a fair idea of the influences that were brought to bear on the
students of Wake Forest College as well as of nearly all other colleges and
universities, from two important volumes which were put into the hands of college
students in those days. These are Two Centuries of Student Christian Movements by
Clarence P. Shedd, Association Press, 1934, and Student Re-
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