Dancing to the Convention Tune 131
integrationists and segregationists. In it, Jerry Matherly, whose edi-
torship was distinguished for dealing with controversial issues, wrote:
Wake Forest College, if it is to continue to call itself an intellectual and
Christian center for education, must integrate. It is not a matter of whether
the college has received qualified Negro applicants or not. Nor does it
matter that the college has too long been the focal point of much
controversy. The integration situation is not a problem for this college
community. There are no reasons for it to be a problem. A college must be a
place for not only free expression of ideas but also a place where all people
desirous of pursuing an education are free to do so. If these attributes do not
describe a college then there is no other description for a college. Wake
Forest has won the battle for free expression of ideas; it now must assert that
it is a complete educational institution by admitting any qualified applicant
regardless of anything so relevant [sic] and unimportant as the color of the
applicant's skin…. The integration question concerns and challenges the
very basis of the college's purposes and responsibilities.
In 1960, a year in which Wake Forest again rejected black appli-
cants (as, indeed, the Admissions Office was required to do), ten
students of the college were arrested for participating in a "sit-in" with
blacks at an F. W. Woolworth lunch counter. Twelve others arrested
the same day, February 23, were students at Winston-Salem Teachers
College (now Winston-Salem State University). The Wake Forest
students were taken to the police station on trespass charges and
photographed and fingerprinted. They were released under a hundred-
dollar bond, the surety having been arranged by Chaplain L. H.
Hollingsworth, Dr. Dan O. Via of the Religion Department, and Mark
Reece, then director of student affairs.
At their trial the students were defended by Clyde C. Randolph, a
1951 graduate of the Law School who volunteered his services. Judge
Leroy Sams found all twenty-two students guilty of trespass but
suspended judgment. The case set off a wave of "sit-ins" across the
South with the ultimate integration of such lunch counters. The Wake
Forest students involved immediately became campus heroes. They
were Linda G. Cohen, Linda Guy, Margaret Ann Dutton, Bill Stevens,
Joe Chandler, Don F. Bailey, Paul Watson, Anthony-Wayland
Johnson, George Williamson, and Jerry Wilson.
Shortly after the conviction of the students, Old Gold and Black
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