140 THE HISTORY OF WAKE FOREST COLLEGE
ticularly for the benefit of the Graduate School. Those needs were
dramatized in a study of the Wake Forest graduate program conducted
during the summer of 1962 by Dr. Robert P. McCutcheon,
representative of the Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foun-
dation, and Dr. Oliver C. Carmichael, consultant to the Ford Foun-
dation for the Advancement of Teaching. Their study was made
possible by a thirty-thousand-dollar grant from the Z. Smith Reynolds
Foundation to explore "the potentials and probable needs associated
with the sound development of graduate study at Wake Forest
College."
Their analysis, in which McCutcheon and Carmichael were assisted
by fifteen experts in graduate disciplines, concluded that Wake Forest
required a million dollars in additional income immediately, half for
building up the undergraduate program and half to maintain work of
high quality in the departments offering master's degrees. The report
said:
The immediate problem of Wake Forest College today is twofold, the
need for funds of considerable magnitude to finance the program of graduate
studies, and the need, equally acute, to become a church-related rather than a
church-owned institution. These are clearly intertwined. Unless the church-
related status can be reached, so that the college may achieve real
excellence, the further development of the graduate program is not
warranted. Indeed, the present program should be discontinued.
If and when the college becomes church-related and the support for the
graduate program is assured, the name should be changed to Wake Forest
University.
It was in recognition of the financial need, even before the
McCutcheon-Carmichael report came in, that Dr. Tribble and the
board were quietly working on a proposal under which the Baptist
State Convention would be asked to allow Wake Forest to have a
minority of trustees who were either not Baptists or not North
Carolinians. Such a plan, while assuring a Baptist majority among the
trustees, would make it possible to have on the board prominent
alumni who were not residents of the state and thus widen the
college's contact with philanthropic sources through the elective
process.
News of these deliberations leaked out, however, and on November
3, 1962, shortly before the convention was to meet, a group of
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