196 THE HISTORY OF WAKE FOREST COLLEGE
is unreasonable, the weather horrible, the students unresponsive, and
the cultural atmosphere blighted for an extra thousand bucks."
In new bylaws adopted by the Board of Trustees in 1958, retirement
of professors was made optional at age sixty-five and mandatory at
seventy.
For the quarter-century under study the requirements for grad-
uation, as set forth by the faculty, did not change considerably Em-
phasis was still upon a set of basic courses of a wide range to be taken
in the freshman and sophomore years, with concentration in a major
field during the junior and senior terms. The old requirement for the
choice of a minor, twelve hours in a second department, was changed
to stipulate an equivalent number of hours in a related field or fields
designated by the major department. A "C" average on the 128 hours
required for graduation was mandatory, and although the faculty went
to a four-point scale (four quality points for an A; three points for B;
two points for C; and, for the first time, a D earned one quality point),
the achievement level was not lowered.
The basic courses required in 1967 were as follows: six hours of
English composition and six hours of American and British literature;
up to twelve hours of a foreign language, depending upon the number
of high school units completed by a student at entrance; six hours of
religion, with ministerial students advised to take at least twelve hours
more; three hours of philosophy; six hours of European history; six
hours of social science to be chosen from economics, political
science, or sociology and anthropology; eight hours of natural science
in biology, chemistry, or physics; three hours of mathematics; and
two hours of physical education. Depending upon the degree sought,
additional hours could be required in languages, science,
mathematics, or business administration.
Of the 128 credits needed for graduation, 64 were generally taken
in the lower division, the freshman and sophomore years. In all no
more than forty hours could be taken in a single field of study―a
stipulation set up to assure that there would be breadth in a student's
education. Governed somewhat by that rule, most of the college
departments required thirty upper-level hours for the major. That
minimum was observed in economics, English, French, German,
Greek, history, Latin, political science, psychology, religion,
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