In the early fifties male students, many of them living in the town
of Wake Forest, were paying an average of $112 a year for room rent,
and coeds, lodged almost exclusively in dormitories, were paying
about $4 less. Women spent about $485 for food, and men, with
larger appetites, averaged out at $511.
By 1954 semester charges had risen to $190, but it was estimated
that student payments made up no more than 32 percent of the
operating budget. That level of costs prevailed through the move to
Winston-Salem until 1957, when an increase in both tuition and
general fees brought the total to $225. With new charges for dor-
mitory rooms, to which almost all students were assigned on the new
campus, the total annual college bill, exclusive of food and books, had
risen to $620.
At that time the cost of an academic year at Wake Forest was
around $1,240, and the escalation that figure represented was working
a subtle change in the character of the student body. Before World
War II it was not uncommon to encounter students who were working
their way through college with little or no support from home. The
postwar blessing of the GI Bill had brought as students many young
men who probably could not have afforded higher education without
it. When that boom was over, Wake Forest drew more and more of its
students from families of relative affluence, and it was a trend that
would continue. There were still large numbers of students who
worked for part of their support, however, and the advent of need
scholarships and generous loan programs helped to make Wake Forest
affordable despite rising costs.
In 1959 tuition and general fees were increased to $275 per semes-
ter, but the $550 annual total was still well below Duke's $800 and
Davidson's $700. At the same time dormitory rentals were set at $95 a
year, and married students living in college apartments, who had been
paying $50 a month, saw their rent go up to $60 a month.
Between 1960 and 1967, a period in which Dr. Tribble was working
to upgrade faculty salaries, tuition charges were increased by at least
fifty dollars almost every year. In the fall of 1965 Treasurer James B.
Cook said that the $2 million Wake Forest received in tuition each
year represented less than 40 percent of the budget. At that time,
when Wake Forest was charging $85o a year, Emory was getting
$1,395, Mercer $876, Furman $900, Stetson $1,200, Da-
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