| the history of wake forest
1970 was a year which was destined to be remembered for
Wake Forest’s first far-reaching efforts to educate its students be-
yond the borders of the United States. Balkrishna G. Gokhale,
himself a native of India and since 1960 Professor of History and
Asian Studies, directed a semester-in-India program in the fall.
Twenty students accompanied him to Fergusson College in Poona
for three months, and besides their studies at the College they
toured India and Nepal for three weeks.
In the summer of 1970 President Scales asked me to accompa-
ny him to Italy to look for a house, preferably in Florence or in
Venice, that Wake Forest might buy as a site for a “study abroad”
program. Scales was fond of quoting Robert Browning (“Open my
heart and you will see / Graved inside of it ‘Italy.’”), and so it did
not surprise me that his bold venture abroad took us to the country
he most loved. Fortunately, the Ambassador to Italy at that time
was one of America’s most distinguished
diplomats, Graham Martin, an alumnus of
the Class of 1932 and the recipient of an
honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Wake
Forest just two years previously. He invited
us to stay at the Ambassador’s residence in
Rome and entertained us in a style that for
me at least was unprecedented: not only a
tour of the city by automobile and a sound-
and-light show at the Forum but a reception
at the British Ambassador’s home that had
all the formality and glamor that an Anglo-
phile like myself could possibly have longed
for. I also paid a solitary visit, much antici-
pated, to the Keats-Shelley Memorial House
on the Piazza di Spagna and to the Protes-
tant Cemetery, outside the old city walls,
where both Keats and Shelley are buried.
From Rome, President Scales and I went
north to Florence, where we inspected one villa in the hills above
the city, not far from Bernard Berenson’s I Tatti, and then to Ven-
ice, arriving just before dark. There had been a heavy rain, but the
sun was out, and my first glimpse of the Doge’s Palace and other
nearby buildings, sparkling like the “fairy city” that Lord Byron
Terisio Pignatti, who taught art history at
Casa Artom
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