books, golf,
and calendars
The future direction of Wake Forest athletics was at this time
being shaped—in ways that could not yet be foreseen—by a section
of the so-called Congressional Education Amendments Act of 1972,
a supplement to the Higher Education Act of 1971, which was to
become known as “Title IX.” The Act forbade any “discrimination
on the basis of sex” and specified that “recruitment, scholarship,
and participation must be the same for both sexes.” Wake Forest,
like other American universities, was not certain about the long-
range implications of Title IX, and, in fact, these implications
would be debated for decades to come, but as a first step the Uni-
versity appointed Assistant Professor Dorothy Casey, a member
of the physical education faculty since 1949, Director of Women’s
Athletics, succeeding Marjorie Crisp in that position.
Although Wake Forest was not immediately involved, the Uni-
versity was concerned that the Baptist State Convention in Novem-
ber only narrowly—by a vote of 1307 to 1248—defeated a motion
that the Convention sever affiliation with any North Carolina
Baptist church which accepted into membership any person not
baptized by immersion. The twelve churches in the state that
would have been ousted if the proposal had passed included the
Wake Forest Baptist Church, which, though independent, held
services in Wait Chapel and enrolled among its members many
University employees and their families. The University feared
that the close Convention vote was an indication that conservative
forces among state Baptists were growing in influence and that
the Convention’s already troubled relationship with Wake Forest
would become still more threatening to the University’s indepen-
dence of judgment.
Concerned that the College faculty’s admissions committee
was following what he feared were narrowly restrictive policies,
especially with regard to the admission of athletes and “legacy”
applicants, President Scales asked the Trustees to review that sec-
tion of the University’s Bylaws which gave to each faculty of the
University the authority to prescribe requirements for admission
“unless otherwise directed by the Board of Trustees.” The Trustees
responded to Scales’s request by transferring to the President him-
self the power, previously theirs, “to take such steps as are necessary
to insure that admissions policies and procedures are designed to
fulfill the obligations of the University to admit without unnecessary
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