the eleventh
his first year
from among the ranks of non-Baptists and non-North Carolin-
ians,18 but he waited for a more propitious time to make such a
recommendation. Meanwhile, he proposed that a “Ecumenical
Institute” be established which would, from a Baptist point of view,
“be a witness to the world that our people are not in fact spiritual
isolationists, separated from the mainstream of Christian thought.”
In particular, he suggested, Baptists should enter into meaningful
dialogue with Roman Catholics. The Trustees approved the forma-
tion of the Institute, and Brooks Hays, a former President of the
Southern Baptist Convention and a member of the House of Rep-
resentatives from Arkansas for eight consecutive terms, was named
director.19 Hays said that the Institute would seek an understanding
among churches that would be both “academic” and “historical.”
President Scales, at the same time that in a variety of ways he was
advocating a liberalization of campus rules and of the University’s
outlook, was also a traditionalist who liked ritual and ceremony
and who considered “pomp and circumstance” to be an important
feature of the public life of the University. For example, he autho-
rized the creation of a Medallion of Merit, to be awarded each year
to someone who had made significant contributions to the Univer-
sity and who deserved the highest honor that the University might
bestow. In 1968 the Medallion was given to Dr. Camillo Artom,
Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry at the School of Medicine, who
had been one of the first scientists, internationally, to use radioac-
tive isotopes in biological research.20
Also, at the suggestion of Professor of Biology John Davis, Scales
asked that a University mace be created which in the future would
be carried at formal University convocations by a grand marshal.
The mace was manufactured by Arnold Schiffman, a jewelry de-
signer from Greensboro, and it was made of spun silver covered
with gold. It had an ebony handle. The old Wake Forest campus
was represented on the mace by drawings of the original Wait Hall,
Lea Laboratory, the Old Well, and a bust of President Samuel Wait.
The new campus was represented by etchings of Wait Chapel, Reyn-
olda Hall, an arch at an entrance to the campus, and the Z. Smith
Reynolds Library cupola. There were also panoramas of the medi-
cal school, the law school, and the Winston-Salem skyline. At the
top of the mace was a double-cast seal of the University, the die of
which would be used for the annual Medallion of Merit and for
A requirement
for Wake Forest
Trustees at that
time was that they
be Baptists and
North Carolinians.
No exception was
Until 1969, Hays
was ably assisted by
Assistant Professor
of English Judson B.
Allen. In that year
Allen left Wake For-
est to accept a posi-
tion at Marquette
University. Allen
contributed an ar-
ticle, “Ecumenism:
An Historical View,”
to The Wake Forest
Magazine, XV
(March 1968), 8–13.
The names of later
recipients of the
Medallion of Merit
during the Scales
administration are
listed in a table on
page 394.
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