the end of chapel and the changing college scene
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dignity to his assignment as chaplain and had been remarkably
inventive in the planning of chapel programs. He had also become
widely known because of the eloquent prayers he wrote and deliv-
ered before all Wake Forest home football games.
Even many of those who sought the abolition of chapel services
recognized that, in the loss of twice-weekly campus assemblies, the
University community would be somehow diminished. No longer
would students gather regularly in large numbers to talk, to argue,
to cheer together, perhaps on occasion to groan together. No longer
would they have a chance to learn from public announcements about
forthcoming campus events or administrative decisions. No longer
could the entire student body—as one—be on hand to honor ath-
letic teams, debaters, or others who had, in one realm or another,
achieved success. Student government would, as a result, gradually
decline in visibility and in authority, and the spirit of the commu-
nity would require strengthening from sources outside Wake Chapel.
The same cultural climate that brought about the elimination
of required chapel provided the setting for changes in the College’s
rules of conduct, especially those for women students. Before the
fall of 1968 Wake Forest women had been forbidden to visit men in
off-campus apartments: a manifestation of what Old Gold and Black
called the “worn-out philosophy” of in loco parentis. Now, speaking
for the administration, Dean of Students Thomas Elmore announced
that it was no longer the role of the University “to stand in loco
parentis” and that the rule about men’s apartments would be aban-
doned. The University would continue to “disapprove” women’s
visiting in bachelors’ quarters where an acceptable hostess was not
present or staying overnight in nearby motels unless with their
parents, but agreed that the responsibility for making such deci-
sions rested not with the University, which could provide only
“guidance and counsel,” but with students and their parents. It was
“obviously” impossible, a letter sent by the University to parents
pointed out, to control “the off-campus behavior of students.”
Rules for “on-campus behavior,” especially those relating to
women’s visiting men’s dormitory rooms, were not relaxed, how-
ever, and before long there would be an organized student move-
ment, in the name of “intervisitation,” to modify those rules also.
In the spirit of greater campus freedom the dress code for women
also became less restrictive. In October 1968 new regulations made
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