26 The History of Wake Forest
a five-year term. He was determined to see it changed in the University’s favor or the
fraternal relationship would have to end.
Academics
The biggest academic story of 1984–1985 concerned the law school, which was floun-
dering. Running on tradition in a cramped facility, it focused primarily on educating
North Carolina attorneys. It needed new direction. Thus the 440 Plan was developed
to align it with the University as a whole and to expand its horizons. The plan had
four main goals:
1. To reduce the student body from 500 to 440 over the next five years to pro-
mote a closer community, especially closer interaction between professors
and students;
2. To follow the University’s lead and concentrate more of its efforts on becom-
ing recognized as one of the outstanding regional law schools in the country,
while making every effort “to preserve and nurture the loyalty, affection, and
support of an unusually committed alumni body which is largely centered in
North Carolina”;
3. To “design and implement an integrated business-oriented specialty area”
over the next few years and to continue developing the JD/MBA program;
and
4. To develop and integrate an academic support program to accomplish the
following objectives:
a. To recruit promising students, diverse in background and interests, from
a wide geographical area, mainly east of the Mississippi but maintaining a
solid North Carolina base;
b. To teach first-year students in “small classes of approximately 42” begin-
ning in fall 1985;
c. To provide faculty who combined academic and law practice experience;
d. To provide a clinical educational experience concentrating on substantive
trial experience and extensive criminal and civic practice;
e. To engage in an aggressive placement program;
f. To provide students with extensive opportunities for orientation and
training in computer-assisted legal research and instruction as well as law
office management; and
g. To expand the Continuing Education program throughout the eastern
United States “in limited, carefully selected areas and topics.”
To publicize these changes, a new administrative position was created on February 1,
1985. Law Professor James Taylor (’47) became Associate Dean of External Affairs,
with responsibility for admissions, placement, public relations, continuing legal edu-
cation, and clinical education. His colleague Ken Zick became Associate Dean of
Internal Affairs to oversee academic matters.
As a result of the 440 Plan, the law faculty revised evaluation standards for
promotion and tenure decisions, emphasizing teaching, scholarship, and service.
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