End Notes
1 „Ich habe auch meine Stunden der Empörung, aber ich
verstecke sie, weil ohnmächtige Empörung lächerlich ist.
Da ich nicht stolz sein konnte, bin ich demütig
geworden, um mir die Scham zu ersparen, niederträchtig
zu werden.“
2 Carl Dolmetsch, Our Famous Guest. Mark Twain In
Vienna. (Athens and London: The University of Georgia
Press, 1992)
3 Essayist, aphorist, and language purist Karl Kraus
(1874-1936) published and partly wrote Die Fackel (The
Torch), attacking hypocrisy, corruption, and especially
the pernicious influence of fuzzy or corrupted language
by public figures and journalists. His still widely used
coinage journaille, after the French canaille for riff-raff,
sums up his contempt. This attack on the frivolous and
criminal use of language is the major theme of his only
play, Die letzten Tage der Menschheit (The Last Days of
Mankind), a collage of assorted propaganda materials
that helped plunge the late Monarchy into war a century
ago. A master satirist himself, he may not have referred
to Nestroy as „the first satirist of the German language,“
had they lived at the same time. Very different from
Nestroy, self-irony was not one of Kraus ́ fortes.
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