Modern Thermodynamics
- Chapter 1
4
ISOLATED
SYSTEM
Exchange of Energy
CLOSED
SYSTEM
Exchange
of Matter
Exchange of Energy
OPEN
SYSTEM
Fig. 1.1 Isolated, closed and open systems. Isolated systems exchange neither energy nor matter with the
exterior. Closed systems exchange heat and mechanical energy but not matter with the exterior. Open
systems exchange both energy and matter with the exterior.
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