education in that context were profoundly different from what they are at a typical
American suburban middle school. Across the planet there can be a range of legitimate
micro secondary goals of education. Notwithstanding, I believe all micro secondary
goals of education should build into one of four macro goals of education.
Vocational Passion Creation/Formation
The first macro goal of education is what I call vocational passion
creation/formation. This goal will help students find and develop their individual
passions. This is fundamental to quality of life concerns. Research on job-life
satisfaction underscores that job and life satisfaction are significantly and reciprocally
related (Judge & Wantanabe, 1993). Education must seek to help students know who
they are and provide guidance to translate their core interests into life-long callings. The
notion of vocational calling ties directly to certain ontological realities of the human
condition. Work, broadly speaking (not just for monetary compensation), is part and
parcel to what it means to be human (Sayers, 2005). It is a significant, often primary,
means for human beings to create and contribute to their fellow human beings in
community and society. As such, work is a fundamental site and context for meaning
making. Critical pedagogue, Svi Shapiro (2006) contends that education is central to "the
struggle for a meaningful life" and that "it must deal with what it means to be a human
being in all its complexity” (p. 23). Such an argument underscores that education must
speak to the core desires and passions of the student with a view to life-long calling and
Economic Sustainability
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