that needs to be acknowledged and tended to with intentional consciousness and care by
practicing habits of peacemaking within ourselves. Ultimately, I suggest that individual
consciousness of peacemaking, as intentionally crafted work within one’s own physical,
psychic, and emotional borders, is necessary to the conception of peace making as a
socio-cultural imperative of the human condition.
Inner Wounds: The War with Self, Naming, and Possibilities for Individual
Empowerment
hooks (2000) speaks of the “woundedness” (p. 213) that pervades human
existence as the existential challenge facing all of us, fallible beings negotiating our
unique journeys in an uncertain and uncontrollable world. Consistent with the concept of
woundedness, then, is what I call the “war with self,” an inner conflict of typically long-
standing that seems to be predicated upon the ways in which we - as children, teens, and
young adults were taught to deal with conflict and stress during our formative years.
Furthermore, the seeds of inner turmoil and war are often planted, openly or secretly, as a
consequence of dysfunctional family values and lifestyles. Despite the abuses perpetrated
on one life by another, rendering a sense of victimhood upon the abused, hooks (2000)
speaks to the individual’s responsibility for self care, meaning that the individual must
choose to address the necessary steps to advance personal healing. “It is simply that the
initial gesture of taking responsibility for our well-being, wherein we confess to our
brokenness, our woundedness, and open ourselves to salvation, must be made by the
individual” (hooks, 2000, p. 213). This passage speaks to a sense of personal agency that
can be understood as a conscious peacemaking project, hinging on self-awareness, self-
acceptance, and assumption of responsibility for one’s life journey, all the while aware
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