that confrontation with life’s uncertainties and contingencies leave us still vulnerable to
the experience of new wounds.
For a great many people, the ability to access that space of self-awareness and
acceptance requires an intentional act of “naming” (Freire, 2012, p. 88; Greene, 1988, p.
5) those situations and circumstances that have stood as obstacles to peace and healing. In
other words, for so many, it is necessary to identify the origin of abusive experiences,
name the perpetrators, and then with conscious intention, move beyond them. This level
of self-conscious intention and agency, famously referred to as “wide-awakeness” (p. 23)
by Maxine Greene (1988), represents new-found sources of inner empowerment that can
then be manifested by making alternative choices and taking actions for greater well
For others, according to hooks (2000), it is still possible to move beyond the
stunting of woundedness, into the mode of conscious empowerment, without delving into
past abuses or identifying the contributing circumstances of dysfunction.
Individuals who bypass this stage tend to move on to the next stage, which is
actively introducing into our lives constructive life affirming thought patterns and
behavior. Whether a person remembers the details of being abused is not important.
When the consequence of that abuse is a feeling of worthlessness, they can still engage in
a process of self-recovery by finding ways to affirm self-worth. (hooks, 2000, p. 55)
I would yet propose that there is still a naming of sorts going on in this second
scenario, in that the individual is still conscious of her state of woundedness. I posit that
regardless of the lack of knowledge surrounding the original wounding situation(s) of
psychic and emotional pain, the individual - in order to have decided and chosen a more
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