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the scope of an entire career without fixating solely on compressed budgets and increased
expectations during a deep economic recession (2010). The eleven Appreciative
Reflections individually profiled each freelancer as they discussed performance in their
discipline. All reflections collectively provided a kaleidoscopic, polyphonic view of many
aspects of the industry. The attraction to polyphonic interviewing (see Polyphonic
Interviewing) is reflective of documentary filmmaking where many voices and commentary
add diversity to the ideas presented (Fontana & Frey, 2005, p. 709).
As part of a collaborative process, the participants graciously edited and were free to make
any revisions, changes or clarifications. They were asked to review their transcripts (30-50
pages) and Appreciative Reflections (see Appreciative Reflection) that were 6-10 pages in
length for coherence and then all the participants approved their bios, transcript, and
Appreciative Reflection before attaching their name to the project (see The Conversations).
Prior to the conversation, the participants had sent a personal bio and they received a
permission consent form to look over coupled with broad-based questions in advance (See
Permission Consent Form and Questions sections). All of the eleven conversations were
conducted in the summer 2010 where I traveled to meet with the project participants in
Cleveland, Ohio, upstate New York, and Atlanta, Georgia through funding provided by a
Winston-Salem State University travel research grant.
Before moving into the academic realm, I was a media practitioner versed in multimedia
writing: fiction and nonfiction screenwriting, public relations, advertising, documentary,
radio, and Internet. The vast majority of my creative projects were dually designed to not
only convey information but also engage the reader and weave multiple voices and
perspectives (e.g. screenwriting and documentary). My limited background in traditional
academic qualitative research techniques allowed for experimentation and an opportunity
to discover a compatible style when it came to research, interviewing, writing and the use
of media technology. On this journey, I discovered performative research and inquiry along
with polyphonic interviewing techniques that shape this project.
Performative Research and Inquiry
Dr. Saliha Bava, my adviser, was instrumental, inventive and intuitive when it came to
introducing stylistically compatible research and interview practices after meeting me and
learning about my creative process. Aware of my multimedia writing background, she
encouraged my storytelling strengths and suggested preliminary reading in the area of
performative research and inquiry, opening my eyes to a new way of engaging with the
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