freelance work stories in the micro narratives, the Appreciative Reflections, and then I
would weave commonalities and differences as a chorus into the chapters or macro
The idea of polyphonic interviewing captured my imagination where sociologists “Marcus
and Fischer voiced reflexive concerns about the ways in which the researcher influences
the study, both in the methods of data collection and in the techniques of reporting
findings” (Fontana & Frey, 2005). Polyphonic interviewing was viewed as a way to reduce
the influence of the interviewer:
“. . .where the voices of the respondents are recorded with minimal influence from
the researcher and are not collapsed together and reported as one through the
interpretation of the researcher. Instead, the multiple perspectives of the various
respondents are reported, and differences and problems are discussed rather than
glossed over (Krieger, 1983)” (Fontana & Frey, 2005, p. 709).
With this technique, the reader hears many voices including my own as I frame the story of
my relationship to each of the media freelancers, along with their personal work narrative
and this is interwoven with commentary from experts in social construction, psychology,
appreciative inquiry, communication, and other pertinent areas.
The humanizing view of narrative as a relational performance was expanded to the
utilization of autoethnography, which was used to primarily situate my relationship with the
participants in the forthcoming Appreciative Reflections and also insert my voice of knowing
about freelance into the conversation. As noted in Ethnographic Representation As
Relationship, a sense of the real and relatable is reclaimed:
Autoethnography represents a significant expansion in both ethnographic form and
relational potential. In using oneself as an ethnographic exemplar, the researcher is
freed from the traditional conventions of writing. One’s unique voice complete
with colloquialisms, reverberations from multiple relationships, and emotional
expressiveness is honored. In this way the reader gains a sense of the writer as a
full human being. (Gergen & Gergen, 2002)
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